What is a poor man?
However, no less important role was played by those who undertook to organize and direct large masses of newly-arrived pilgrims. It’s not so easy to explain to tens of thousands of people where and why they should go. And, besides, where to settle, where and what to eat and where to have fun. There is nothing to be done, man is man. Now, thanks to the Internet, planning a trip has become no less interesting than then making this trip. You dig a lot of information, catch gold fish for yourself in this muddy water and, finally, spend a tourist route on the map. Let’s go here, here and here. We spend the night here. Have lunch at this place. In the end, even before you leave, you feel like a connoisseur, an expert, and – not afraid of the same word – a poor man. Karl Beedeker (Karl Baedeker; 1801 – 1859)
This word, which we were not afraid of, is now hardly known to anyone. But at the end of the XIX century, every educated European or American knew what it was. This is the best travel guide in the world! A small booklet, easily fit in a pocket, in hard leather – so as not to wear out – a signature red cover. In a thin book of this type, a large font gave a lot of useful information. The first halt they made at the Dead Sea then – lunch at Jericho. After lunch, Lady Westholm, armed with Bedecker, accompanied by Miss Pierce, a doctor and a fat dragoman, went to inspect the old city, and Sarah went out for a walk in the hotel park. Agatha Christie.
“Date with death.” The compilers themselves drove along the entire described route and checked everything with German meticulousness: the distances between cities and travel time, prices in hotels and in the nearest restaurants and restaurants. We even found out how much waiters should give “for tea”! Plus, there are detailed plans for all museums and attractions and stories about what these museums are famous for and sights are interesting. The book called for a journey right now! The motivation for a tourist trip was also reinforced by the timid hope that, having bought such a detailed and thorough guide, it would be possible, without a doubt, to save on guides. And – what the hell is not joking – even to pass this useful, high-quality book to descendants, when it comes time for them to get acquainted with the culture and landscapes of distant countries. It is unlikely that in the near future something will change in the old Europe. So, the poor man is forever! Adolf Menzel, “Impressions of a Train Trip. Bedeker »Photo: Source As we know, hopes for the invariance of Europe and for the eternity of the poor man did not come true. Moreover, the word is half-forgotten and has every prospect of becoming forgotten already to the end.
Nevertheless, it is worth mentioning the good deeds of Karl Bedeker (Karl Baedeker; 1801 – 1859) with a kind word. After all, he was the one who organized the mass production of guidebooks on all places that are more or less interesting for a traveler. And if Bedecker’s name became a household name, it means that his deeds are worthy of remembrance. … they were typical representatives of their class. They probably used Bedecker’s advice and did not pay attention to the sights that did not fall into it. Agatha Christie. “Companion”. Karl Bedecker inherited the profession of his father, who was a typographer and bookseller. He studied at the University of Heidelberg and worked a little in one of the city’s bookstores. After practicing, Karl Bedecker opened his own store in Koblenz. He was 26 years old at that time. Koblenz is located at the confluence of the Moselle River in the Rhine. The places are beautiful, the places are historical, the places are wine. (In my humble opinion, the best German wines are made in the Moselle Valley.)
The young owner of the bookstore took advantage of the fact that, together with the store, he acquired the rights to publish the guide “Traveling the Rhine from Mainz to Cologne”. Pulling out his Bedeker from his pocket, he began to write his will on it. But his hand was trembling to such an extent that even he himself would not recognize his handwriting. A. Conan Doyle. “The tragedy of Corosco.” Why not take advantage of these rights? Not only sell other people’s books, you can write your own. Bedecker decided to rewrite the existing guide. He took guides published in English by John Murray (John Murray; 1737–1793) as a model for organizing material. It was not plagiarism or translation. The book “Rheinlande” turned out to be completely independent. Published in 1839, it sold out well. Koblenz. The confluence of the Moselle and the Rhine is called the “German Corner.” The success is inspiring. Bedeker published and sold a guide to Belgium and the Netherlands. Later, the publishing house of Karl Bedecker began to collaborate with the English publisher of that same Murray. This collaboration was mainly aimed at the division of the market. None of the counterparties imposed on other subjects of published books. Only in 1880, when the Baedeker publishing house began to publish books in English, the agreement on cooperation between the two publishing houses was broken.