Traveling like psychotherapy
Eh, a brilliant fable was composed by Ivan Krylov: “… The swan breaks into the clouds, Cancer backs away, and the Pike pulls into the water …”. It reflects various situations, the explanation of which is the same – you cannot trample against your nature. And how relevant it is in our favorite theme of travel, outdoor recreation, especially in terms of psychotherapy with the help of nature! But what is the treatment without prior analysis?
The classic approach is: determine the type of temperament – you will understand where it is better to go. True, the results of opinion polls and experiments do not give a single picture – well, you can’t get anywhere from individual characteristics. There is still a generalization:
1. Introverts need a lot of space and less “friction” with strangers:
Phlegmatic suitable quiet and thoughtful conditions, where less time is spent on life, and more on rest, on yourself
Melancholic – places with subtext (historical, archaeological, geological) and in the company of friends
2. Extrovert – rest from society, but active:
Choleric – in nature, with elements of sport or games, the company is not required
Sanguines need a company and the conditions for its unity – hiking, rafting, sea travel
Psychotherapy by nature
Another way to analyze yourself and choose a rest with a therapeutic effect comes from the opposite: say where you like to relax, and I will say who you are.
Psychologist Stanley Plow, having interviewed 200 thousand travelers, identified 2 main types: allocentrics (adventurers) and psychocentrics (authentications), and each of them has 3 subtypes. Depending on what subtype a person belongs to, such a place and type of rest suits him. So, allocentrics are pioneers, the opportunity for research is important for them, and for psychocentrics – rest is predictable, comfortable and passive.
The science of behavior ethology has dug deeper, reaching to the surface such conclusions that are interesting, but unpleasant. Perhaps some of the statements will sound harsh and unpleasant … Just someone will read and smile, someone will be indignant, and someone will think about it. It is important to remember that scientists do not have absolute truth, and that there are exceptions to any rule.
And the mountains are higher and the mountains are steeper …
… And those people who wave the flag on the tops of the sky-high mountains are also considered “higher” and “cooler” than the others. A sense of self-importance, the desire to assert oneself and to rise above others drives even poorly trained people to the peaks of the Alps, the Caucasus and the Himalayas. Is it so?
Among seasoned climbers, there is a caustic joke regarding newcomers: “Those who have achieved nothing below go to the mountains.” Is it so?
As they say, in every joke there is a fraction … jokes. But! Let’s try to consider the issue without philosophizing, but with the help of psychologists, psychotherapists, ethologists and neuroscientists.
Mountains (e) s – from the mind
The followers of the ethologist Konrad Lorenz, who studied the causes of animal behavior, analyze a person, drawing parallels with the world of animals and birds. The desire to rise higher is a demonstration of one’s greatness. In the animal kingdom: whoever is greater is right. For example, when sorting out relationships, males try to take a higher position, stand up, straighten their chest, and stretch their necks. Hence, by the way, the culture of the royal throne. Metaphorically: a mountain is a throne and to climb it is to show who is in charge.
Psychologists and psychotherapists are less categorical. They “prescribe” mountains as a treatment for patients with depression and phobias, as a place to search for themselves and the meaning of life. They recommend hiking to people of intellectual labor, leading a sedentary lifestyle. Physical activity and the need to work hard to provide an overnight stay, heat, find water, prepare food, equip a toilet – all this unloads and restarts the brain. “Patients” rethink life, values, muses come in droves and dance.
Neuroscientists are clearly in favor of extreme conditions – the brain develops in them. As a result: a new vision of old problems and ways to solve them opens. It is impossible to solve the problem, being at the same level at which it arose. And in the mountains you get new skills, emotions, sensations, loads – whether you like it or not, but they add “intelligence” … And even if you really went to the mountains, because nothing came out below, then after climbing there’s a greater chance of success “ in this damned bottom. ”
The same beneficial effect gives any active interaction with the elements. Communication with nature, like psychotherapy – it positively affects the intellect and state of mind. Exploring caves is no exception.
“Cruel” ethology says: at the subconscious level, to go down is to be humiliated, that is, to be lower than others. We look at animals: to press ears, to draw in a neck, to hunch, to bend, to bend down, to squat – this is a recognition of own defeat. This is a signal: “I do not pretend to the throne, I do not pose a threat, leave me alone.” Well and ethologists, well, and louts! So at once we humbled cavers, diggers, miners and other respected specialties! Well them! let’s go to the psychologists.